The AA19 agreement has been used for mass SMS in Intercross countries in order to receive revenue, and we do not agree to sign Form 19 in all cases (for a single idea). The lack of full international interoperability of SMS is due to the way the GSM world is connected: every operator needs to set up an Interwork SMS system with all other mobile operators. This means that international SMS can only be transferred from one operator to another if there is a bilateral roaming agreement. Although SMS interoperability is limited to bilateral interworking and roaming agreements between operators, it is unlikely that the full international reach of SMS will be achieved through the implementation of an increasing number of cumbersome and costly agreements. Moreover, the revenue benefits of additional interconnection do not justify the investments necessary for its implementation. Sms Hubbing works with the same concept as the voice connectivity model: instead of relying on expensive and multiple individual chords, voice traffic goes through telehouses, which are essentially voice nodes. Similarly, many operators connect to hubs to transmit MMS messages to solve the many interoperability issues with this messaging technology. The aim of SMS Hubbing is to simplify the SMS interworking system by replacing a large part of the unproductive and identical investments in the international agreements traditionally concluded by mobile operators. In addition, Hubbing SMS aims to provide SMS with a higher level of service by introducing continuous quality of service through service level agreements (SLAs). SMS Hubbing enables extensive international SMS coverage for mobile operators (“Customer Operators”) by connecting to independent hubs that have multiple agreements with other operators and can therefore transmit messages on behalf of Customer Operators. Sms Hubbing allows operators to manage a single legal, technical and billing relationship, rather than hundreds of additional roaming agreements just for SMS. It is clear that SMS Hubbing does not replace bilateral agreements. Each operator must enter into roaming agreements so that subscribers can travel outside their home network.
The lack of full international interoperability of SMS is due to the way the GSM world is interconnected: each operator must establish SMS cooperation with all other mobile operators, which means that international SMS can only be transmitted from one operator to another if there is a bilateral roaming agreement. While SMS interoperability is limited to bilateral interworking/roaming agreements between operators, it is unlikely that the full international reach of SMS will be achieved by concluding more and more agreements, the introduction of which is time-consuming and expensive. In addition, the revenue benefits of an additional cross-functional connection may not justify the investment required for installation. SMS hubbing enables broad international SMS coverage for mobile operators (“customer operators”) by connecting to independent hubs that have multiple agreements with other operators and can thus forward messages on behalf of customer operators. In addition to this framework of key roaming agreements, which generate the majority of international traffic for voicemail and messaging, it is useful for mobile operators to assign an SMS hub to SMS communications that are not connected to each other. With the SMS hubbing model, an operator who wants to increase its international SMS coverage does not have to manage several bilateral agreements. Mobile operators can simplify this task by connecting to a hub. The SMS hubbing model reduces the complexity for operators as well as the cost of SMS interworking agreements. Mobile subscribers also benefit from an expansion of the SMS offer, as they can send and receive messages to all countries and networks. […] Minutes Are you due to misinformation about what your service provider could have created the international roaming policy and how much the prices of telephone production are […] The terms of AA.12 and AA.13 must be agreed between the two operators and signed by both operators.
The GSM Association (GSMA) found in SMS Hubbing the solution to a problem that limits the future growth of international SMS and led to the development of SMS hubbing tests in 2006, which were part of the Open Connectivity project. It is clear that SMS Hubbing does not replace bilateral agreements. Each operator must enter into roaming agreements to allow subscribers to travel outside their home network. .