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German Surrender Agreement

The third part, Articles 6 to 12, concerned the transfer of almost all powers and authorities by the German government to Allied representatives, the release and repatriation of prisoners and forced labourers, the cessation of radio broadcasts, the provision of information and information, the maintenance of weapons and infrastructure, the complacency of Nazi leaders in war crimes trials and the power of Allied representatives to promulgate proclamations. , ordinances, ordinances and instructions covering “political, administrative, economic, financial, military and other requirements of Germany`s total defeat.” The key article of the third section was Article 12, which provided that the German government and the German High Command would fully respect all proclamations, injunctions, regulations and instructions from accredited Allied representatives. This has been interpreted by the Allies as leaving unlimited leeway to obtain compensation and compensation for damages. Articles 13 and 14 set the day of the handover and the languages of the final texts. [3] The Russians celebrate May 9 as today as Victory Day. Reims` surrender was not reported in the Soviet press until a day later, proof that the second capitulation was a propaganda train orchestrated so that Stalin could claim more credit for ending the war. In the rest of the world, V-E (victory in Europe) day is celebrated on 8 May, the day the ceasefire was officially due to begin. In 1918, when the German Empire was on the brink of defeat, it collapsed and was replaced by a parliamentary republic. Matthias Erzberger, the new Secretary of State, had signed the compiégne ceasefire, in which Germany had surrendered unconditionally. The Committee also proposed to sign the instrument of capitulation of representatives of the German High Command. The reflections underlying this recommendation were to avoid a repetition of the so-called “sting in the back” myth, where extremists in Germany claimed that, since the ceasefire of 11 November 1918, only civilians had been signed, that the High Command of the Army was not responsible for the instrument of defeat or defeat itself.

Caserta`s surrender kicked off within the local German military command; But from May 2, 1945, the von Dunitz government took control of the process and pursued a conscious policy of successive partial capitulations in the West, to play on time, to bring as many eastern military formations as possible westward, to save them from Soviet or Yugoslav captivity, and to abandon them without fear to the British and Americans. [12] In addition, he hoped to continue evacuating soldiers and civilians from the Hela Peninsula and the Baltic Sea coast by sea. [13] Dunitz and Keitel were decided against the granting of orders to surrender to Soviet forces, both stemming from undistinghedo anti-Bolshevism; but also because they could not count on obedience and, therefore, so that the troops who continue to fight would be able to refuse a direct order, which deprives them of any legal protection as prisoners of war. [14] German troops surrendered in Berlin: the Battle of Berlin ended on 2 May.


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