Among the provisions that may be included in the marriage contract is the waiver or requirement of certain responsibilities.  The contract can also be used if necessary to settle the couple`s physical relationship. [Citation required] In Arabic-speaking countries, marriage is usually called zawāj (Arabic: زاج, by the Quranic term zawj (Arabic: زاج) which refers to a member of a couple, and this term has taken on meaning in recent times also among Muslim spokespeople in other languages. The marriage contract is known by different names: literary Arabic: عقد القرراااʿaqd al-qirān, “marriage contract”; Urdu: material #کاح ااہ / ALA-LC: Nikāḥ-nāmah; Bengal: আকদ, Romanized: akd; in Persian: ازدااج ezdevāj “Marriage” and سد از ⌘ or عقااه (sǎnǎde ezdevāj, aqd nāmeh) for the certificate. The wedding ceremony can be called ʿurs/zawāj (Arabic: زاج/عرر), ezdewaj/arusi (Persian), shaadi (urdu), biye/biya (Bengal) or düğün (Turkish).  In Islamic law, marriage – or more accurately the marriage contract – is called Nikah, an Arabic word already used in the Qur`an exclusively to refer to the marriage contract.    In the Wehr-Cowan Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, Nikah becomes “marriage; marriage contract; Marriage, marriage”.  (At least in some marriages in some Muslim cultures like Pakistan, there may be a delay between Nikkah and Rukhsati – if the husband, after getting a good job and a good home, lets the wife settle with him.)  The Qur`an outlines some conditions for a marriage:[Quran 4:24] Since the verdict, calls have been made for urgent reforms, as many people (normally women) remain vulnerable after discovering that they have no legal rights or protection in the event of separation. It has been proposed that the Marriage Act 1949 should contain protection for all types of beliefs. The Court of Appeal found that it was irrelevant that the parties intended to stand in civil status. They also rejected the argument that post-ceremonial events, such as childhood, made marriage legal. If there is no legal marriage, these rights do not exist and the weaker financial party may find that they do not receive financial assistance after a separation.
There is no right to maintenance or to property held in the name of the other spouse. This is particularly problematic when all of the couples` property is not held jointly, but is legally held solely in the name of the financially stronger spouse. In today`s world, Muslims practice Islamic marriage laws in various ways around the world. . . .